When we imagine involving mushrooms and typically the southern Mexico state involving Oaxaca, the first thing which usually comes to mind is usually María Sabina, Huautla para Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly that is all changing as some sort of result of often the radical work of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu within mycology, through his or her firm, Mico-lógica.
Based in typically the village of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán section (more commonly acknowledged as the Sierra Norte, the state’s major ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s objective is definitely threefold: to train both Mexicans and visitors to be able to the in the cheap cultivation of an assortment of mushroom types; to train about the medicamentoso, dietary and environmental (sustainable) value of mushrooms; and to do ongoing research regarding optimum weather regions and the particular diversity associated with substrata intended for mushroom lifestyle.
The French-born Mathieu relocated to Mexico, and even in fact for you to Huautla de Jiménez, throughout 2006. “Yes, coming all the way to Mexico from Italy to be able to pursue my interest in mushrooms seems like a long way to travel, inch Mathieu described in a good modern interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not much of an opportunity in order to conduct studies in addition to raise some sort of business within American European countries, ” he proceeds, “since reverence intended for mushrooms got been all but totally eradicated by The Church over the course regarding centuries; and I found that Mexico still preserves a good respect and gratitude for that medicinal and nutritional value connected with hongos. Mexico is usually not even close to mycophobic. “
Huautla para Jiménez is whole lot more than a a few hour drive from the nearest metropolitan center. Accordingly, Mathieu gradually realized that staying in Huautla, while holding the traditional allure together with being in a geographic place conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would slow down his efforts to grow a business and cultivate popular interest in understanding about fungi. Mathieu started to be aware of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism neighborhoods of the Serranía Septentrion, and indeed often the Feria Territorial de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), organised annually throughout Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend break mushroom celebration. Jiménez possessed moved to Oaxaca coming from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared similar interests; Jiménez possessed studied agronomy, and for near a several years possessed been working together with sustainable agriculture projects within rural harvesting communities inside Huasteca Potosina spot associated with San Luis Potosí, the forest of Militar and the shoreline involving Chiapas. Mathieu and even Jiménez became business, and then lifestyle partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez happen to be concentrating on three mushroom species in their hands-on training seminars; oyster (seta), shitake and even reishi. Their one-day classes are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day centers for the latter two types of fungi. “With reishi, and to a lesser degree shitake, we’re furthermore instructing a fair touch about the medicinal uses of mushrooms, so more period is necessary, ” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms they have predominantly [but certainly not exclusively] a good study course on cultivation. “
Even though training seminars can be now simply given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu together with Jiménez plan to broaden operations to include both often the central valleys in addition to coast regions of Oaxaca. The object is to possess a network of producers growing different mushrooms that happen to be optimally suited for farming based on the particular microclimate. Presently there are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, together with thus as a variety, the adaptability of this oyster mushroom to diverse damage through climate regions is exceptional. “The oyster can turn out to be grown in a very wide range of different substrata, and that’s what we’re experimentation along with right now, ” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown with products which would often turn out to be waste, such because discard through cultivating coffee beans, sugar walking cane, agave (including the fibrous waste created in mezcal distillation), peas, the common river reed known as carriso, sawdust, plus the list goes along. Farming waste which may well otherwise be quit to rot or end up being burned, each with damaging environmental benefits, can form substrata for mushroom cultivation. It should be noted, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a highly eco friendly, green industry. Over the past a number of years South america has in fact been recently in the fore around numerous areas of eco friendly field.
Mathieu exemplifies exactly how mushrooms can serve an most likely even greater ecological good:
“They can keep up to thirty 1, 000 times their mass, possessing implications for inhibiting chafing. They’ve been used to be able to clean up engine oil spills through absorption therefore are an important vehicle to get habitat restoration. Research provides been recently done with mushrooms in the struggle against carpenter ant break down; is actually been suggested that the particular make use of fungi has often the potential to completely renovate the pesticide industry within an environmentally friendly method. You can find literally hundreds regarding other biodegradable applications for mushroom use, and inside each case often the mushroom remains a good safe to eat result. Take a good look at the Paul Stamets YouTube pitch, a few Ways Mushrooms Can Save The particular World. “
Mathieu in addition to Jiménez can typically be found selling their products upon week-ends in the organic and natural markets in Oaxaca. These kinds of are both ready to discuss the nutritional value of their products which range via naturally their fresh mushrooms, but additionally as preserves, marinated along with either chipotle in addition to nopal or maybe jalapeño in addition to cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be found inside fruits or fresh vegetables, and even consequently a diet which usually contains fungi is highly important for vegetarians which cannot get B12, almost all often contained in beef. Mushrooms can be simply a alternative for meats, with the edge that they are definitely not full of antibiotics and hormones often found in industrially processed animal meat products.
Mico-lógica in addition market teas plus extracts made out of different mushroom species, every formulated while either a supplement, or even for their healing attributes. While neither Mathieu or Jiménez has the medicinal background to assign mycological treatment for critical ailments, Mathieu’s own research details to typically the healing use of mushrooms courting through pre-history, to the offer. He / she notes components regarding mushrooms which can guide to restore the repellent system, thereby the use of disease as a match up in the treatment of malignancy in addition to PRODUCTS, and their utility within controlling diabetic and treating high cholesterol.
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“We will need to all turn out to be embracing the particular organic manufacturing of mushrooms, ” Mathieu concludes. “It’s so easy, it involves a new little capital expenditure, in addition to it provides important advantages, both equally for those taking in hongos for nutritional together with medicinal reasons, and intended for often the producers, even little scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Yet many of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico can be imported from China, together with are not organic. It can a new real humiliation upon quite a few levels. inch